Micro-economic process, involving the activities of markets, exchange and trading, operates of necessity by always maximising integration (minimising universal distance) in order to maximise natural co-presence in space, so that it in nature generates the longer lines and the essential structure of the settlement.
Hillier, B. (2001), A Theory of the City as Object: Or, how spatial laws mediate the social construction of urban space. In: Proceedings of 3rd International Space Syntax Symposium Atlanta 2001, 02.1-02.28. pp. 02.1 -27